Smart Practices and Technologies for Climate Resilient Agriculture
Prasad, YG., Maheswari, M., Dixit, S., Srinivasarao, Ch., Sikka, AK., Venkateswarlu, B., Sudhakar, N., Prabhu Kumar, S., Singh, AK., Gogoi, AK., Singh, AK., Singh, YV and Mishra, A., 2014, Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (ICAR), Hyderabad, 76 p.
The National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) is a multi-institutional, multi-disciplinary network project launched by ICAR in 2011. The project aims to enhance resilience of Indian agriculture to climate change and climate variability through strategic research and technology demonstrations.
The overall focus of technology demonstrations under NICRA is to enhance resilience of farms and the farming community to climate risks so as to ensure sustainability over a period of time. Enhancing resilience is the key to achieve sustainability in agriculture especially in the context of climate vulnerability.
This publication attempts to capture and highlight some of the key interventions that were successful in participatory demonstrations and have the potential for further up-scaling though various Missions under the National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC), especially under the National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture.
India is a land of the marginalised. The emerging threat of climate change is further marginalizing the poorest of the poor, tribal groups, people from the lower castes, women and the religious minorities.
India’s State Action Plans on Climate Change (SAPCCs) have the mandate to give priority to the concerns of the socially and economically marginalised people. Currently, 30 SAPCCs have been approved by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change. Several of the proposed climate solutions are similar across States and follow the broad outline given in the various sector-specific National Missions of the National Action Plan on Climate
Change (NAPCC), India’s blueprint for climate action. Yet, critical concerns of marginalised people have only been partially addressed.
This Policy note uses the lens of poor and marginalized people to study 12 SAPCCs and deliberations from regional meetings of civil society groups mobilised by Indian Network on Ethics and Climate Change (INECC) to make recommendations across seven priority areas: (a) Agriculture and Allied Activities (b) Himalayan Ecosystem and Biodiversity (c) Forests and Mining; (d) Water Resources and Disaster Risk Reduction (e) Energy Security (e) Urban Development and (f) Strategic Knowledge.
The pilot projects of the Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme of FAO in Kenya and the United Republic of Tanzania have promoted climate-smart agriculture (CSA) and have been integrated into ongoing development programmes. The objective of the pilot projects was to show that smallholder farmers can improve their livelihoods and increase their productivity and contribute to climate change mitigation at the same time. The approach was to develop packages of climate-smart agricultural practices based on participatory assessments and expert consultations, implement the selected practices using a variety of extension methods and evaluate their effects on yield, food security and their potential to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions on farms and throughout the
landscape. Farmers who participated in the MICCA pilot projects reported that the main benefits of CSA were higher yields, greater farm income and increased food availability. This is an indication that smallholder farmers can be an effective part of the response to climate change and make a meaningful contribution to reducing GHG emissions. Bringing sound, up-to-date evidence into decision-making processes can help shape policies that support CSA.