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Sources – Greening the economy

Towards a Green Economy: Pathways to Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication

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United Nations Environment Programme, 2011,
UNEP P.O. Box 30552 – 00100 Nairobi, Kenya; uneppub@unep.org; www.unep.org/greeneconomy; 632 p.,
ISBN: 978-92-807-3143-9

Towards a Green Economy is among UNEP’s key contributions to the Rio+20 process and the overall goal of addressing poverty and delivering a sustainable 21st century. The report makes a compelling economic and social case for investing two per cent of global GDP in greening ten central sectors of the economy in order to shift development and unleash public and private capital flows onto a low-carbon, resource-efficient path. This report offers not only a roadmap to Rio but beyond 2012, where a far more intelligent management of the natural and human capital of this planet finally shapes the wealth creation and direction of this world.

Development through a Low carbon pathway

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Indian Network on Ethics and Climate Change (INECC), 2011,
INECC, c/o Laya, 501, Kurupam Castle, East Point Colony, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India – 530017; inecc.mumbai@gmail.com

In the Indian context, where 56% of rural households have no access to electricity or any kind of energy support, projects like these present a new hope of meeting basic needs of lighting, cooking, effective farming, livelihood based forestry, waste management etc. Such technologies are not only environmentally sound but also will empower communities to manage and sustain their energy needs. Compare these small but meaningful options to large energy projects which tend to bypass the essential needs of marginalised communities. The current pattern of commercial energy-oriented development particularly focused on fossil fuels and centralized electricity generation has resulted in inequities, environmental degradation and climate change. The energy requirements for the essential development of the marginalised majority of the country have indeed been ignored.

This publication presents a concise and fascinating overview of 8 diverse low carbon projects which point to a low carbon pathway even as they meet development objectives at the grassroots. Decentralised energy systems like micro hydros, solars, efficient cooking stoves as well as projects which promote agro-forestry, low carbon farming have tremendous potential to contribute to the resilience of, mitigate as well as support key development needs of local communities.

Gender and climate change research in agriculture and food security for rural development

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The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations (FAO), 2012,
Publishing Policy and Support Branch, Office of Knowledge Exchange, Research and Extension, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy

Both women and men play a significant role in safeguarding food security, and their respective roles and responsibilities need to be well understood to ensure that men and women benefit equally from climate-smart agriculture practices. Little research, however, has been undertaken to understand how men and women are adapting to climate change, mitigating emissions and maintaining food security.

As one of many steps toward addressing this gap, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) have developed this training guide “Gender and Climate Change Issues in Agriculture and Food Security Research and Rural Development”.

The Training Guide provides a clear understanding of the concepts related to gender and climatesmart agriculture; describes participatory methods for conducting gender-sensitive research on the impacts of climate change; and offers guidance on different ways of reporting research findings so that they can be properly analysed. Using the guide will ensure that critical information on gender and climate change is collected, allowing researchers and development workers to formulate appropriate gender-sensitive policies and programmes for rural development.

GREEN Economy – Developing Countries Success Stories

Pavan Sukhdev, Steven Stone and Nick Nuttall, 2010, UNEP DTIE, Economics and Trade Branch, 11-13, chemin des Anémones, CH-1219 Geneva, Switzerland, www.unep.org/greeneconomy

The economic analysis in the Green Economy Report builds in part on the encouraging signs and results of many initiatives around the world. A number of these come from developing countries, including emerging economies, and illustrate a positive benefit stream from specific green investments and policies, that if scaled up and integrated into a comprehensive strategy, could offer an alternative development pathway, one that is pro-growth, projobs and propoor.

Eight of these examples, a limited selection from a growing range of experiences in different sectors, are summarized below, highlighting their economic, social and environmental benefits. While some represent established broad-based policies and investment programmes, others are newly initiated pilot projects or local ventures. In this sense the collection underlines that a green economy strategy is not limited to national or other government policy levels but can take root wherever there is the leadership and vision to make this transformation. Indeed, as this booklet will show, there is a growing body of evidence illustrating the growing interest among developing countries to seize opportunities to move to a Green Economy.

Taking Charge

Grace Boyle and Avinash Krishnamurthy, October 2011, Greenpeace India Society, #60, Wellington Street, Richmond Town, Bengaluru 560025, India.www.greenpeaceindia.org

Taking Charge is a selection of case studies of small-scale, decentralised renewable energy systems in India in 2010. Each has two parts: the main story, which captures some of the remarkable human and social elements that have shaped these pioneering projects, and a quick-glance section, which provides an easy reference for the more technical aspects.

The strength of these stories lies in their diversity. One is a diversity of the context in which they are based, including the geography of the place, and its social fabric. From semi-nomadic pastoral tribes in the Himalaya, to caste based politics in the deserts of Rajasthan, to churchlead community action in the hills of Kerala, renewable energy is seen being applied to the problem of energy access in a variety of contexts. Another is the diversity of solutions applied. Each of these renewable energy projects has worked because they are tailored to fit the local needs and conditions.

The title of this book is in part a reference to the generation of electricity, though not all the stories in the book are of electricity and neither are the energy needs of the population confined to it. It is primarily a reference to the grit and determination of the people who have fought for and developed these projects. Determination that they will no longer wait for the most basic of energy services to be given to them, or that they will no longer draw their energy in a way that is harmful. They will take charge, and lead the way to a brighter, more equitable future. In individual learning is collective knowledge, and India can and should learn from projects such as these as it moves towards a low-carbon future.