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Sources – Securing Land Rights

Land for Life Securing our common futureLand for Life: Securing our common future

A joint publication of GEF and UNCCD; 2011; 214 pages; can be downloaded from www.thegef.org

The GEF and UNCCD Secretariats collaborated on this new book to convey how sustainable land management (SLM) practices are helping shape a sustainable future for people and the planet. The book is illustrated with high quality photos donated by the Good Planet Foundation and from other sources, to demonstrate how human ingenuity is largely driving innovations in soil, land, water, and vegetation management. It describes how harnessing natural, social, and cultural capital is addressing fundamental needs for livelihood and well-being—food, water, energy, and wealth—while delivering global environmental benefits.

Gendered Impacts of Commercial Pressures on LandGendered Impacts of Commercial Pressures on Land

Elizabeth Daley, International Land Coalition; ISBN: 978-92-95093-22-5; January 2011; can be downloaded from the ILC website.

This paper contains a careful and focused analysis of the gendered impacts of commercial pressures on land (CPL), and especially their impacts on women. It is based on a review of the literature on CPL to date and an analysis from a gender perspective of International Land Coalition country case studies carried out in India, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Ethiopia, Zambia, Rwanda and Benin. Arguing that women are both likely to be affected differently from men by large-scale land deals and disproportionately more likely to be negatively affected than men because they are generally vulnerable as a group, the paper provides recommendations as to how tools and procedures envisaged by proposed regulatory frameworks must be locally appropriate and must specifically address all four aspects of women’s vulnerability with respect to CPL: productive resources, participation in decision-making, relative income poverty and physical vulnerability.

Land rights are human rightsLand rights are human rights

Vidya Bhushan Rawat and D.Leena; Social Development Foundation, Delhi, March 2010; can be downloaded from www.thesdf.org

India is passing through a challenging phase. The atrocities against Dalits, women and marginalized communities are on the rise in the villages. The hunger situation is worsening. Government’s own data reveal that over 80% of our population is suffering in denial of basic amenities and earning less than half a dollar a day. While observers, economists may differ with the findings of Arjun Sengupta Committee report, the fact remains that the growing alienation of rural poor is emerging as a big challenge to India as a state.

The Indian parliament passed two historical bills related to rights of the marginalized. One was the forest act which recognized the rights of the tribal over forest produce and understood the need of protection of forest with the active involvement of the tribal and other forest dwelling communities. This was a historic need to bring tribals to national mainstream without offending their sensibilities and cultural autonomy.

The other issue and which is more discussed as a panacea for our anti poverty programme is National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, which could be termed as government’s flagship programme. However, this has lot of problems and cannot really replace the issue of ownership and land reforms in rural India as the oppression continues and gaps in the implementation of NREGS is wide spread.

India’s Role in the New Global Farmland Grab: An examination of the role of the Indian government and Indian companies engaged in overseas agricultural land acquisitions in developing countries

Rick Rowden; August 2011, New Delhi; Produced in collaboration with GRAIN and the Economics Research Foundation

This report explores the role of Indian agricultural companies that have been involved in the recent trend in large-scale overseas acquisitions of farmland. In addition to examining the various factors driving the ‘’outsourcing’’ of domestic food production, the report also explores the negative consequences of such a trend. It looks at why critics have called the trend “land grabbing’’ and reviews the impacts on local people on the ground, who are often displaced in the process.

Women’s Right to LandWomen’s Right to Land: Voices from Grassroots Movement and Working Women’s Alliance from Gujarat

Meera Velayudhan, AKRSP (India) Document, March 2008.

This document traces the journey of WGWLO, the work being done by NGOs and rural women federations in Gujarat at the village level; the struggles they have faced, the strategies adopted to highlight this issue and their efforts to influence state policy.

This document traces two journeys, both of which are separate but interlinked. The journey of an idea to its operationalisation at the field level by the many NGOs and CBOs, and the journey of a network of NGOS which seeks to serve as a supporter of the activities on the ground and an agency to improve policies at the government level.

NETWORKING

Land Portal – The gateway to land information

The International Land Coalition (ILC) and Landtenure.info are the originators of the Land Portal, an easy access, easy-to-use platform to share land related information, to monitor trends, and identify information gaps to promote effective and sustainable land governance. This partnership is open to other land-related organisations aimed to be actively engaged in the Land Portal development. The Land Portal will in the first instance, serves to aggregate existing information sources from around the web as well as facilitate the posting of information that is currently not online. The coordinators of the Portal will thereby act as editors to display information in a way that makes it more digestible, through tagging and aggregating it according to country or topic, and summarizing and synthesizing. http://landportal.info/

UN-Habitat Global Land Tenure Network

The Global Land Tool Network (GLTN)’s main objective is to contribute to poverty alleviation and the Millennium Development Goals through land reform, improved land management and security of tenure. The GLTN originates from requests made by Member States and local communities world-wide to the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT), who initiated the network in cooperation with the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the World Bank, in 2006.

The GLTN has developed a global partnership on land issues, pulling together global partners, as well as many individual members. These partners include international networks of civil society, international finance institutions, international research and training institutions, donors and professional bodies. It aims to take a more holistic approach to land issues by improving global coordination on land; through the establishment of a continuum of land rights, rather than simply a focus on individual land titling; through improving and developing pro-poor land management, as well as land tenure tools; by unblocking existing initiatives; assisting in strengthening existing land networks; assisting in the development of gendered land tools which are affordable and useful to the grassroots; and improving the general dissemination of knowledge about how to implement security of tenure. http://www.unhabitat.org

FAO Gender and Land Rights Database

This database, managed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), contains country-level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender inequalities embedded in land rights. Disparity on land access is one of the major causes for social and gender inequalities in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the well being of individuals and families. The database offers information in 6 categories: national legal frame, international treaties and conventions, customary law, land tenure and related institutions, civil society organizations, and selected land-related statistics.

http://www.fao.org/gender/landrights