System of Crop Intensification in Greengram – An Innovative Approach
Sathiyavani Erulan, Velayudham Kumaran, Thavaprakaash Nallasamy, 2012, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 92 p., 49.00 •, ISBN-13: 978-3-8473-7276-9; ISBN- 10: 3847372769
System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is a novel methodology originated in Madagascar during 1983 and spread all over the world. In the recent past, the successful SRI practices are being extrapolated to other crops in the name of System of Crop Intensification (SCI). The SCI practices also proved to increase the yield levels more than two times. In pursuit of extending the beneficial effect of SRI to SCI in greengram, the present study was programmed.
Greengram is one of the important food legumes grown in India and emerged as a nutritive and remunerative pulse crop, capable of providing the quickest return in the shortest possible time besides offering nutritional security to millions of people. By virtue of its superior nutritional quality, short duration and high monetary return, greengram can be grown as intercrop and rice-fallow crop especially by small and marginal farmers. Adoption of SCI practices may enhance the productivity and reduce the gap between per capita availability and consumption; and in turn possible to contribute to nutritional security of the world.
Impact of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) – Analysis of SRI Practices in 13 States of India
IWMI Water Policy Research HIGHLIGHT, 2012, IWMI-Tata Water Policy Program, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Download this paper from www.iwmi.org/iwmi-tata/apm2012
The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) – a package of practices designed to grow more rice with less water – is being widely promoted by governments and NGOs in India. In 2010-11, IWMI-Tata Program, in collaboration with local partners, undertook a study covering 2234 rice farmers in 13 major rice growing states to analyze the adoption level and impact of various SRI practices. The results confirm that SRI adopters, on the whole, displayed comparatively higher yield, higher gross margin and lower production costs.
However, most ‘SRI farmers’ in the study sample did not adopt the full package of practices due to several constraints. In fact, only 20 percent could be classified as ‘full adopters’ while the rest were ‘low adopters’ or ‘partial adopters’. This highlight argues that a targeted approach that offers farmers flexibility in adopting a sub-set of SRI practices in accordance with the local resources conditions can have a significant impact on paddy productivity.
SRI – Transforming Rice Production with SRI (System of Rice Intensification) Knowledge and Practice – Reducing Agriculture Foot Print and Ensuring Food Security
T.M.Thiyagarajan and Biksham Gujja, 2013, National Consortium on SRI, 204 p. Download the pdf version from www.agsri.com/images/documents/sri/SRI_Book_Final_Version.pdf
The benefits of SRI is multifold, especially in resource conservation (water, land, energy, seeds and labour), rice production and addressing the challenges of climate change. Being a knowledge intensive approach rather than input intensive modern agriculture, adoption of SRI by farmers requires several knowledge disposal mechanisms and hands on experience in carrying out the SRI practices.
This book is an attempt to explain the origin, principles and practices of SRI and the developments so far in communicating the importance of SRI to rice farmers, students, scientists and policy makers so that the material could be used for extension, research and policy support. This book covers an encompassing range of topics, including specifics about how SRI can be utilized, and why its practices achieve the remarkable gains in productivity that are reported from most if not all situations. The contents have been assembled from various sources, especially from SRI websites, WWF-ICRISAT project and its partner organizations and Institutes, presentations made in national SRI symposia, publications and reports on SRI, field visits and interactions with farmers.