a magazine on ecological agriculture
a one stop treasure of practical field experiences

Sources – Trees and farming

Agrofuels: Big Profits, Ruined Lives and Ecological Destruction

Francois Houtart , 2009, ISBN: 9780745330129; Price: Rs1,366.20; 196 pages.

This book show‘s that the use of agrofuels has led to an absurd situation where a sustainable energy source actually increases human & ecological damage simply due to the profit-maximising decisions of the Capitalists rather than a flaw in the concept of agro fuels.

Farm Forestry in India – An Economics and Environmental Analysis Dr. S.Puttaswamaiah, 2009; ISBN: 9788189640873; Rs. 795.

This book deals with issues of efficient utilization of natural resources, land and trees particularly in dry land areas. Government of India implemented the farm Forestry Programme, a component of social Forestry Programme since 1980, to involve farms in tree plantation activities. Farm Forestry Programme was defined as the practice of forestry in all its aspects on farm or village land, generally integrated with other farm operation. It is a programme of planting of trees on bunds and boundaries of the fields of farmers and to be taken up by the farmers themselves. The Programme persuaded farmers to grow trees on farmlands, farm bunds and particularly in environmentally fragile areas, by distributing various trees species, which attracted large numbers of farmers in several states.

Development and Agroforestry: Scaling Up the Impacts of Research Edited by Franzel, Steven Cooper, Peter, Denning, Glenn L.Eade, Deborah. © Oxfam GB 2002, in association with ICRAF. ISBN 0 85598 464 3

Agriculturalists have been benefiting from the range of products and services that trees can supply for thousands of years. Through the integration of trees into agricultural landscapes, farmers and land users at all levels can enjoy diversified production, and a range of social, economic, and environmental benefits. Agroforestry is the scientific application of this widespread body of knowledge. This stimulating collection explores the experiences of researchers and small-scale farmers undertaking agroforestry development projects around the globe, and addresses the question of how local, small-scale development successes can be ‘scaled up’ to create wider, long-term benefits. Each of the contributions offers insights into important wider debates. The relationship between theory and practice, the proper role of research in development, constraints on ‘scaling up’ local successes, the nature of human motivation for risk-taking and learning, and the ways in which individuals and communities respond to technical innovation, are all critically explored here. Contributors stress the importance of experimenting with a range of possible agroforestry techniques and approaches, in conjunction with the farming communities that will adopt or reject these methods over time. Readers from all backgrounds and disciplines will find in this volume a highly accessible collection of papers, informed by extensive experience, and relevant to development policy and practice in the broadest sense.

Multipurpose Tree Species Research Retrospect and Prospect

R. Solanki, A. K. Bisaria & A. K. Handa. ISBN: 9788177540451 Year: 2008; Pages: 349; Size: 14.5 x 22 x 2 cm; Binding: Hard; Language: English; Rs. 990.

Farmers have nurtured trees on their farms, pasture land and around homes for millennia to satisfy their livelihood needs. These trees were later on defined as multipurpose trees which provide fodder, firewood and also replenish nutrients in soil. Many strides have been made to define characterize, evaluate multipurpose tree species for various agroforestry system under different agro-ecological zones of the world. Since the initiation of agroforestry research in India, efforts are going on for identifying promising multipurpose trees and shrubs through diagnosis and design exercise and evaluating them for their suitability pertaining to growth, development, biomass production and natural resource conservation. Now, voluminous data is available about multipurpose tree species for all the twenty one agro-ecological zones of the Indian Union.

In view of continuous reduction in forest cover, demographic pressure for livelihood needs and importance of trees, National Research Centre for Agroforestry, Jhansi organized a National Symposium on “Multipurpose Tree Species for Agroforestry System” during 11-13 June, 1998 to collect information on MPTS in relation to agroforestry systems and to provide a platform to discuss various aspects of MPTS and exchange of scientific knowledge among scientific community, foresters, planner and NGOs.

This volume brings together a vast and useful collection of papers by experts in agroforestry. Emphasis has been given to many problems and challenges facing their sustainable development such as evaluation, management and ecology.

Overall the papers reflects both progress and degree of comprehension achieved in understanding, management, utilization and conservation of MPTS.

It is fervently hoped that this volume will facilitate research on multipurpose tree species more vigorously and will serve the researchers, development agencies and policy makers as a ready reference.

Agroforestry Systems and Practices by Ramesh Umrani & C. K. Jain. ISBN: 978938017917; Year: 2010; Pages: 298; Size: 19 x 25 x 2 cm; Binding: Hard; Language: English; Rs. 1,800.

Agroforestry systems and practicesAgroforestry is an integrated approach of using the interactive benefits from combining trees and shrubs with crops and/or livestock. It combines agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy and sustainable land-use systems. In agroforestry systems, trees or shrubs are intentionally used within agricultural systems, or non-timber forest resources are cultured in forest settings.

The present book describes the state of current knowledge in the rapidly expanding field of agroforestry. Organised into 16 chapters, it reviews the developments in agroforestry and describes the accomplishments in the application of biophysical and socioeconomic sciences to agroforestry. Although the major focus of the book is on the tropics, where the practice and potential of agroforestry are particularly promising, the developments in temperate zone agroforestry are also discussed. The book is designed for students, teachers, and researchers in agroforestry and farming systems.